The authoritative source on
  early churches of New Jersey

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We've created a database and photographic inventory on more than half the 18th & 19th century churches in the state and add to it each month. We welcome and solicit all contributions and suggestions from our visitors.

      

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    Essex County

These are the surviving churches from the 18th and 19th centuries that I have photographed. The name listed is the name of the original congregation that built the church. [This is still a partial list—many additional churches will eventually be listed.] For buildings that have "changed hands," the following links will take you to the page of the denomination which built the church: St. Stephans, New Point Baptist, Mt. Zion Baptist, Trinity Reformed, Trinity-St. Phillips, St. James AME, Our Lady of Mt. Carmel, Church of the Epiphany, Queen of Angels, First Reformed, First Free Presbyterian, Mount Moriah Baptist, Metropolitan Baptist, Mt. Pleasant Baptist, Clinton Memorial AME Union Street ME, Second Reformed at South River, Union Street ME, Trinity Union AME, First Hopewell Baptist, Calvary Gospel, Iglesia del Dios Pentecostal Sinai, Pilgrim Baptist, Vineyard Baptist, Seventh Methodist, New Hope Baptist (Newark), New Hope Baptist (East Orange), Bethel Haitian Baptist, Faith Temple No. 1 Free Will Baptist, Church at the Crossroads, First Zion AME (Orange).

Municipality Church Sect
Fnd
Built
Style
Belleville
Ref
1697
1853
Gothic Revival
Belleville
ME
1803
1899
shingle
Bloomfield
Pres
1796
Wren-Gibbs
Bloomfield
RC
1878
Gothic Revival
Bloomfield
Pres
1890
Romanesque
Bloomfield
Epis
1860
1893
Late Victorian
Brookdale
Bapt
1894
1894
meetinghouse
Caldwell
Bapt
vernacular
Caldwell
Pres
1784
1874
Gothic Revival
East Orange
Bapt
1837
1891
Romanesque Revival
East Orange
Bapt
1894
1895
vernacular
East Orange
Pres
1863
1864
Gothic Revival
East Orange
Pres
1831
1878
Romanesque Rev
East Orange
Pres
c1890
1893
shingle
East Orange
Pres
1817
1891
Gothic Rev
East Orange
Pres
1872
1888
vernacular
East Orange
Pres
1893
1898
shingle
East Orange
Ref
1875
1875
Gothic Revival
East Orange
Epis
1868
1891
Gothic Revival
East Orange
Epis
1870
1893
vernacular
East Orange
ME
1894
Gothic Revival
East Orange
ME
1880
vernacular
East Orange
?
c1890
Gothic
East Orange
RC
1895
Gothic
East Orange
Unit
1890s
eclectic
East Orange
?
1890s
eclectic
Milburn
Epis
1851
1860
Gothic Revival
Milburn
Bapt
1868
1870
Gothic
Montclair
RC
1892
Renaissance Rev
Montclair
Bapt
Romanesque Rev
Montclair
Epis
1889
Renaissance Rev
Newark
Pres
1853
1853
Renaissance Rev
Newark
Cong
1823
1874
Romanesque
Newark
RC
1879
1880
Gothic
Newark
Pres
1868
1883
Romanesque
Newark
Pres
1868
1867
Romanesque
Newark
Pres
1837
1894
Gothic
Newark
RC
1890
1899
French Gothic
Newark
Ref
1868
1870
Gothic
Newark
Ref
1869 1870
Gothic
Newark
Bapt
1895
Tudor
Newark
Pres
1897
vernacular
Newark
Pres
1889
1899
Renaissance
Newark
Bapt
1858
1858
Greek Revival
Newark
Fourth Baptist
Bapt
1855
1856
meetinghouse
Newark
ME
1847
1849
meetinghouse
Newark
Cong
1851
1891
Romanesque
Newark
Epis
1837
1848
Gothic Revival
Newark
Pres
1849
1852
Gothic Revival
Newark
Epis
1849
1849
Gothic Revival
Newark
Epis
1853
1864
Gothic Revival
Newark
Pres
1891
1885
vernacular
Newark
Bapt
1850
1850
Greek Revival
Newark
Epis
1847
1850
Gothic Revival
Newark
Mount Olive A.M.E.
AME
?
vernacular
Newark
Pres
1848
1872
Gothic
Newark
Pres
1891
vernacular
Newark
Ref
1856
1858
Gothic
Newark
Pres
1666
1791
Wren-Gibbs
Newark
Bapt
1801
1888
Byzantine
Newark
Jew
1860
1884
Moorish-Romanesque
Newark
ME
1858
1889
Romanesque
Newark
Pres
1854
1867
Romanesque
Newark
Ref
1848
1848
Gothic
Newark
Pres
1860
1866
Romanesque
Newark
RC
1871
1898
Renaissance
Newark
RC
1826
1858
Gothic
Newark
RC
1844
1857
German Romanesque
Newark
RC
1849
1849
Gothic Revival
Newark
RC
1888
1900
Gothic
Newark
RC
1859
1878
Gothic
Newark
Pres
c1890
1890
Romanesque
Newark
Luth
c1874
1874
Gothic
Newark
ME
1880
1891
vernacular
Newark
RC
1878
1878
Gothic
Newark
RC
1855
1861
German Romanesque
Newark
ME
1851
1858
Romanesque
Newark
Epis
1730
1810
Wren-Gibbs
Orange
RC
1896
1897
vernacular
Orange
RC
c1860
French Gothic
Orange
Pres
c1880
Gothic
Orange
Pres
Wren-Gibbs
Orange
Epis
c1880
Gothic Revival
Orange
Bapt
vernacular
West Orange
Bapt
vernacular
West Orange
Epis
1829
1850
Gothic Revival
West Orange
Epis
1890s
board-and-batten
West Orange
Pres
1890s
eclectic

 

Some explanation is needed. Churches in boldface are either listed on the National Register or are otherwise of special interest. If the name of the church is in brackets [ ] I am in doubt as to the founding congregation. The Sect is the original religious denomination when the church was built. Fields left blank are those for which I have no information.

 

 

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Copyright (c) 2001 Frank L. Greenagel