authoritative source on
early churches of New Jersey
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the 18th & 19th century churches in the state and add to it each month.
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St. Thomas Episcopal Church
Glassboro, Gloucester County
a fine early English Gothic parish church, erected before the Episcopal
this country endorsed the use of specific late medieval English models
buildings. The architect, John Notman, picked up the general
concept and improvised specific elements, like the rhomboid window
and the parapets
at the top of the tower. The square Norman tower and the small bellcote
at the rear of the nave are found on many English churches.
Although the church was not built
until 1846, it was designed by Notman about 1840, one of two designs
he made for the
to St Peter's church in Brownsville, PA, which he may have designed
(or copied), and both may have been inspired by St. Oswalds, in Liverpool,
is very similar to the Chapel
of the Holy Innocents in Burlington, which Notman designed a few
years later. The apse and sacristy were added later, during the Civil
War, after the Ecclesiology movement became popular in New Jersey,
Doane essentially mandated the English Gothic style as the only appropriate plan
for Anglican worship.
Originally, the interior walls and ceiling were
graced by stenciling, which has been painted over. The stone altar is original,
choir, now located in the chancel, was originally in the rear of the church;
on the whole, the church has been remarkably well preserved. I consider this
one of the more historically important churches in the state.